Historic Graffiti Project

From images scratched in the catacombs of ancient Rome to aerosol-sprayed tags on modern railway bridges, graffiti has been with us for a long time.

Whatever form it has taken, graffiti has often told us something about the social, political and cultural context in which it was produced; and as an alternative form of expression it can give us a perspective that history books and high art usually do not.

In 2010 the Norfolk Medieval Graffiti Survey was established to undertake a large scale survey of early graffiti inscriptions in the county. Since then the project has spread nationwide and consequently the North West Historic Graffiti Project was set up with the aim of studying such inscriptions on buildings ranging from medieval to C17th.

Members of TAS were inspired and encouraged to play their own part in this by Carolanne King and Ellen McInnes, who have been running workshops on how to search for and record examples of old graffiti. Accordingly, earlier this year we began our own project at St Michael and All Angels Church in Mottram-in-Longdendale. The present church dates from the C15th.

When you know where to look, how to look and what you are looking for, it is surprising what you can find. We discovered circles, meshes, birds and animals on pews, walls and around doors and windows. This was the hidden history of the church and of the community it served; not the history told by the monumental stones and alabaster tombs of the wealthy, but a record of ordinary people – in some cases the very masons who had built the church itself, or modified it over the years.

Marks like the circles were often made near to doorways and windows to frighten off or trap evil spirits. The spirits would go round and round the circles and not be able to escape. Similarly, the meshes were supposed to act like fishing nets to snare them. Other inscriptions might have been simply “signature” marks, or in the case of the birds and animals the significance might have been a link to biblical stories.

The fact is  that the interpretation of the markings will become better informed and more reliable as more and more data can be collected. This is why it is important to carefully record, archive and ultimately share our finds. The finds from the Norfolk project, for instance, have begun to reveal trends such as the relative absence of  farm animals in pictures, in favour of the birds and animals of the forest; or the tendency not to overwrite earlier inscriptions, suggesting that the practice and significance of graffiti inscription was acknowledged and respected. A bigger picture is being formed that suggests the interior of a medieval church might have looked quite different to how we have imagined it in the past.

There is still work to be done at St Michael and All Angels and it is possible that new discoveries will be made at the Heritage Open Days on 8th, 9th and 10th September.

Circles intended to trap evil spirits.

An example of very carefully inscribed lettering.

This bird and the animal in the next picture might be linked to Christian stories,….. or perhaps someone simply liked to draw birds and animals.

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Young Archaeologists at Work

As part of the Festival of Archaeology 2017 we carried out a public dig over one weekend in Cheetham Park, Stalybridge. It was a chance for the general public to see archaeology in progress and even to have a go if they wished, as many did.

The site of Eastwood House, the home of the Cheethams, has been the subject of digs in the past, but this time we opened up a new trench where we expected to find part of the front of the building. One of the more interesting structural features uncovered was a rather deep drain that seemed to have run along the front of the house and quite a lot of its iron grill ended up in the finds tray, along with pottery, the ubiquitous clay pipe stems and a fascinating piece of slate that seemed to have had some designs drawn upon it. That one’s still got us scratching our heads!

The dig was very well attended, especially on the Sunday when we enjoyed better weather. Lots of youngsters joined us and one lad made our first find – a piece of tile with the word “death” written on it! He was thrilled to bits, as you might imagine.

Alison, one of our vistors, subsequently submitted an excellent write-up of the event to the Archaeology and Metal Detecting Magazine. You can read it here

http://archmdmag.com/tameside-archeological-society-dig-2017-cheetham-park-ali-mcgowan/

Mother and daughter discovering archaeology together.

Part of the drain that seemed to be turning an unexpected corner.

Different parts of the trench were revealing different features.

This eager crew seemed to be especially lucky with finds!

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Great social day out at Bolton Abbey/Priory for TAS members

The weather was sublime, and everyone enjoyed the day including an excellent meal with a suberb view over the Abbey from the Tea Cottage.

Blind arcading and nature in one

Warmly welcome to TAS members on the last of three social visits this year.

The Chancel ( East end of the Church) overlooking the river

Remains of South Transept, which had connections witht he old and then the replacement chapter house. The cloisters, the Dormitory for those early morning services, the Reredorter and the priors lodging.

The ruins still provide an interesting view into the past of the Augustinian Priory. The present use of the site with the Priory Church keeps the site alive. Great day out highly recommeded for all the family.

 

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TAS return to Cheetham park for the festival of Archaeology 2017

15th and 16th July 2017 at cheetham park, Stalybridge, 10am to 4pm each day. Public excavations will recommence on part of the original Hall. Event is free and equipment will be provided. Have a go at geophysics or digging.

 

For links to other archaeology events in the North west check out the following link http://www.archaeologyfestival.org.uk/

Archaeology for all

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TAS Visit to the anglo saxon England

Superb quality workmanship

A short trip to Stoke brought us to an exhibtion of part of the Staffordshire Hoard.  This was Kevin’s last trip before stepping down as Chairman of TAS.

Kevin dressing up on regal seating at museum

Then a visit to ST Giles, Cheadle near Stoke to have a look the gothic revial stlye of Architect ‘Pugin’.

West Porch St Giles, Keith, Greta and Chris

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Legacy project assessmemt of WW1 rifles range and practice trenches in Tameside

This TAS project for Tameside is being lead by TAS member Mike lloyd. In February an assessment of a former miltary zone indicates extensive use of a site near Mossley during  WW1.  A field survey has indicated that earlier than WW1 munitions were uitilsed which agrees with mapping of the area suggesting its use in preparing the soldier for action abroad in the late nineteenth century. Including the boar war.

Protection from the weathers for a guard overlooking the rifle range, appears to be a re-utilsed water tank possibly of an engine

 

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Day vist to Norton Priory

TAS members visited the Augstininian priory (1134) remains and museum complex in Runcorn. The remains were excavated from 1971. A newly updated museum complex is well worth visiting and a new viewing gallery of the site. Following the Visit a fleeting visit to the Castle pub and then Halton castle in freezing conditions.

 

View from New gallery

Two major phases of construction, grafitti adorns the earlier stone windows

close up of wall outline of the main church walling and edge of the cloister

Illuminated late 14th century statue of St Christopher and TAS members

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Luzley test pitting completed

Following on from the search for a roman road bewtween stalybrdge and Castleshaw. This involved geophysical transects across farmers fields along the highests ridges to the South of Hartshead.

Three strong geophysical  anomalies were evaluated by test pitting. These test pits were in different farms.  Two of the anomalies were 19th Century rubbish pits with local stone, pottery and glass. The third anomaly indicated a couple of possible stake holes and the  edge of a pit which was filled with soft clay.

View across to Hartshead Pike

View across to Hartshead Pike

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New site being evaluated in Luzley

A local farmer advised TAS of a mound in one of his fields. TAS set out to evaluate the mound for evidence of how it was formed. Earlier this year geophysical assessments were undertaken using resistivity and magnetomentry, these indicated anomalies  in both geophysical surveys.

Today one of the anomalies and part of the mound was assessed by a test pit.

Mike and Kieth locatating the anomalies on the geophysical results to select sites for test pits.

TAS members Mike and Keith locating the anomalies on the geophysical results to select sites for test pits.

 

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Eastwood house, Festival of Archaeology 2016

A busy archaeology weekend saw mebers of the public expose more of the foundations of Eastwood House in Cheetham Park, stalybridge

Saturday saw the Manchester Young Archaeologist club open up their own area on the area of the main house trying to find the west wall.

The general public exposed the entrance to the main house overlapping excavations in 2014, with finds such as a mason mark in a stone and a fragment of a pilaster.

Many thanks to all the TAS members for helping out with the event.

Close up inspection of the entrance to the house.

Close up inspection of the entrance to the house.

Sun shines down on the various activites

Sun shines down on the various activites

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Cellar vident under entrance to the house and external drain slot seperating possible location of columns

Cellar evident under entrance to the house and external drain slot separating possible location of columns for entrance way

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